Picture of the White Lion Hotel (right) from an early 20th century postcard (sign reads Ushers Ales so date is post 1915).
White Lion

George Gould died in 1802, buried 12 May at Chippenham St. Andrew, leaving his estate to wife Martha, son William and daughter Elizabeth. William inherited the White Lion. George, a widower, had married Martha Willis of St. James, Bath, on 26 Sept. 1776 at St. James, Bath.

William Gould was bankrupt by 1811. From the London Gazette - 28 April 1812 page 825: "Whereas the acting Commissioners in the Commission of Bankrupt awarded and issued forth against William Gould, of Chippenham, in the County of Wilts, Innholder, Dealer and Chapman, have certified to the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, that the said William Gould hath in all things conformed himself according to the directions of the several Acts of Parliament made concerning Bankrupts; This is to give notice, that, by virtue of an Act passed in the Fifth Year of His late Majesty's Reign, and also of an Act passed in the .Forty-ninth Year of His present Majesty's Reign, his Certificate will be allowed and confirmed as the said Acts direct, unless cause be shewn to the contrary on or before the 23d day of May instant."

George Austin was landlord of the White Lion when his eldest son James married Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Mr. E. Fry of Chiverling, on 15 May 1826.

John Beake (or Beak), baptised 31 Dec. 1779 in Kington St. Michael, son of William 7 Joanna. From the Devizes and Wiltshire Gazette - Thursday 14 January 1830 page 3: "Mary Knight, was indicted for stealing a quantity of half-pence, the property of John Beake, at Chippenham. I'he prosecutor keeps the White Lion public-house, at Chippenham, and the prisoner was his .servant. Mr. Beake was in the habit locking the drawer of the till in which kept his copper, every night; and not unfrequently in the morning, he found it unlocked. Suspecting that he had been robbed, he marked a great number of half-pence, and put them into the till, on the evening of the 10th of November, and locked the drawer. In the morning of the 11th, he again found the drawer unlocked, and several of the marked half-pence missing. He sent for a constable, who searched the prisoner, but found nothing on her person. In a cup in the kitchen, however, was found among other half-pence, one of the marked ones, which the prisoner said was her's. It was also proved that she had that morning, purchased two jugs, for which she had given 12 half-pence, among which were eight of the marked ones. She had previously borne a good character.—Guilty. Six months imprisonment, the last three months in solitary confinement."  John Beake was landlord of the Bear Inn, Chippenham, in 1822.By 1851 he was working as a gardener.

From the Wiltshire Independent - Thursday 5 October 1837 page 3: "Mr. Beak, the respected host of the White Lion Inn, Chippenham, a few days since met with not less than a bushel of mushrooms, in the neighbourhood of that town, on the limited area of 18 feet by 6! The whole were gathered in less than quarter of an hour, and have yielded fourteen quarts of excellent catsup."

From the Salisbury and Winchester Journal - Saturday 23 October 1847 page 4: "Married, Oct. 16, at St. Augustine's Church, Bristol, Mr. John Beak, jun., son of Mr. John Beak, late of the White Lion Inn, Chippenham, to Elizabeth Caroline, eldest daughter of Mr. Geo. S. Bradbury, of Chippenham."

Henry Cook. In the Western Daily Press - Saturday 25 May 1872 p. 4, Henry Cook, late of the White Lion Hotel, now of Derry Hill, was in liquidation.

Christopher Holloway. At the Chippenham Divisional Petty Sessions held at Corsham, for Thursday 16th May 1872, a temporary transfer of license was granted for the White Lion, from Henry Cook to Christopher Holloway. Christopher, however, quit the hotel on 17th Feb. 1873 and the who lot, including brewing plant, was put up for sale. (Bristol Mercury - Saturday 22 February 1873 p.4).

From the Taunton Courier, and Western Advertiser - Wednesday 24 December 1873 p. 3:

APPLICATION TO COMMIT A HIGH-SHERIFF. - On Thursday Mr. J. H. Dyer applied to the Judge of the Bath County Court on behalf of the receiver of the estate of Mr. C. Howse, auctioneer, Chippenham, which is under liquidation, to commit the High-Sheriff of Wilts. for contempt of court. The facts stated by Mr. Dyer were that on the 4th December Mr. Howse, who was landlord of the White Lion hotel, Chippenham, filed a petition in bankruptcy, and on the 6th December Mr. Collett was appointed receiver. On the same day the Sheriff and his officers were restrained from proceeding in the matter of the execution levied by them on the 3rd inst. upon the property of the debtor for a debt somewhat exceeding £700. A copy of the restraining order was served upon the Under-Sheriff and his bailiffs, but they refused to withdraw. A similar order was served on the 12th inst., whereby they were absolutely restrained from further proceedings until the 31st. Mr. Howse, in his affidavit, stated that one of the officers had threatened to place another man at the bar of the hotel to receive the moneys from the customers. Upon the facts of the case becoming known to the registrar, he issued an order requesting the Sheriff to show cause why he should not be committed for contempt. Mr. Bertrum, who appeared for the Sheriff, contended that the order had not been served upon him but Mr. Dyer argued that this was not necessary, in as much as it had been served upon the Under-Sheriff and his officers. The case was adjourned to the first January court.

Charles Howse of the White Lion, auctioneer, was summoned by the Great Western Railway for travelling in a first-class carriage with a third-class ticket from Witham to Chippenham, in returning from Cranmore Races an was fined £2 with costs. (Wiltshire Independent - Thursday 12 November 1874 p.4) Charles had been declared bankrupt and in June 1875 a dividend of only 3½d in the pound was announced. Charles was a notorious character locally and his obituary is worth noting, from the Swindon Advertiser and North Wilts Chronicle - Saturday 07 November 1896 p6: "SUDDEN DEATH OF MR. CHARLES HOWSE - A WELL KNOWN CHARACTER'S END. Mr. Charles Howse, a well known character in North Wilts., died suddenly at his residence in Ashton Keynes, on Saturday last, passing away in his sleep at his home in this somewhat obscure North Wilts. village, thus ending a stormy life peacefully. The deceased, who was 49 years of age, and leaves a widow and family, was a well known character throughout North Wiltshire and East Gloucestershire. He was born at Oaksey, and early in life went to live at Leigh, Cricklade. In later years he resided alternately at Box, Chippenham, Swindon, Cricklade, and Ashton Keynes, carrying on various businesses, being at one time an auctioneer, at another an hotel keeper, and then a solicitor's clerk. In the latter occupation he will probably be well remembered as clerk to a Mr. Hazeldine, a solicitor, who had offices for some time in New Swindon. Deceased had gained considerable notoriety for his fondness for litigation and dabbling in legal matters. He was in fact engaged in litigation right up to the date of his death. Mr. Howse's last public appearance was at Swindon as recently as Thursday in last week, only two days before his death. He attended the sale of the Swindon and North Wilts. Breweries Estate at the Goddard Arms Hotel, Swindon, with the avowed intention of creating some excitement by protesting against the sale of the White Horse Hotel, Cricklade, where he at one time resided and which house, he was labouring under a misapprehension, belonged to him. His excitement on this occasion resulted in his having a fit before the sale. He was also very excited and had to be removed from the sale room. He continued in an excited state, and was conveyed home to Ashton Keynes late on Thursday night. He was put to bed, and remained there till his demise on Saturday. Further particulars will be gathered from the following evidence taken at THE INQUEST which was held at the Police Station, Ashton Keynes, on Tuesday last, before Mr. W. E. Nicholson Browne and a jury, of whom Mr. W. Bowley was chosen foreman.

Jeanette Howse, daughter of the deceased, said her father came home on Thursday night the worse for liquor. He had two shillings worth of brandy and beer. On Friday he remained in bed all day, and sent for a bottle of brandy. He had a flask of brandy and water under his pillow. The bottle of brandy which he sent for he drank neat during Friday. On Friday evening he had a basin of broth. On Saturday morning her father called her at five o'clock and asked her to bring him some brandy, and she gave him that which was left from the previous night - about a teacupful. He had drank some during the night. He slept from five o'clock till half-past seven, when he called her again, and said "Bring me a jug and a full bottle of brandy." She put some brandy out of the bottle into the flask - about half a pint - and then filled the bottle up with water. Her father poured the whole into a jug and drank it. Then he went to sleep, and she put the bed straight and cleared up the bedroom. When she had finished her work she closed the door, and left the room. She heard her father snoring for some hours afterwards. Occasionally, when he was very drunk deceased made no noise whatever, but when he was half drunk he snored very loud. Witness added that it was nearly five o'clock on Saturday afternoon when her mother sent her upstairs to see if her father had any letters to post, and she then found him dead in bed. She was positive that the last bottle of brandy her father drank was diluted with water. He drank the whole contents of the bottle.
The only other witness called was Dr. N. B. Langley, of Cricklade, who said he was informed of the death of Howse on Saturday night. He went over to Ashton Keynes on Sunday morning, and examined the body carefully. There were no marks of violence, nor anything to indicate the deceased had taken poison. From what he had heard and knew of Howse, he had very little doubt but what the immediate cause of death was alcoholic poisoning. The quantity of brandy taken by him as stated would have suffocated any ordinary person, but Howse was so used to it that it acted upon him as a narcotic, as overdoses of laudanum or opium would upon those accustomed to take it. Witness had been told that deceased drank five bottles of brandy in three days last week, and was always drunk after.
The Coroner remarked that whether diluted or not the last lot taken by Howse was a stiffish dose.
The jury returned a verdict in accordance with the medical evidence."

Chippenham, Wilts,

(Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette - Thursday 26 November 1874 p.4)

TO be LET, with possession on the 25th March 1875, that Long-established, Highly Respectable, and COMMERCIAL INN and MARKET HOUSE, in the centre of the Market, called

The White Lion


Together with the Brewery, Cellarage and retail Wine and Spirit Shop attached. Excellent Stables, Loose Boxes, Coach House, good Yard-room, and Sheds, and every requisite Office.
The House has numerous well-arranged rooms for the accommodation of Innkeeping, also a capital Market Room and Commercial Departments.
There are several Rent Audits held there , and the best Market Room in the town.
It is well situated for "the Duke's Hunt."
The House and Premises will be put into good repair.
This presents an unusually good opportunity to an energetic and attentive man of business, and who would turn his particular attention to the Brewery Department, and the Wine and Spirit Trade. Coming-in moderate.
For particulars, and to treat for the same, apply to Messrs. JACOB PHILLIPS & SON, Solicitors, Chippenham, Wilts.
Chippenham, November 14th, 1874.

The premises was again advertised on 15th May 1875 and Chas. Howse was still the proprietor.

John George Augustus Tanner was resident at the hotel from at least 27th Nov. 1876, when his 11 year old son Augustus died there.

On the 1st May 1879 at the Chippenham Petty Sessions, the license of the White Lion was transferred from John George Tanner to Arthur Phillips. John George Augustus tanner had gone into liquidation on 2nd April 1879.

Arthur Phillips was born on the 15th June 1847 in Bicester, Oxon. to grocer Thomas Phillips and his wife Mary Hicks who married at Ringwood, St Peter and St Paul, Hampshire on 30th Dec. 1829. Arthur learned the grocery trade from his father, and on 26th September 1871, at Holy Trinity Church, Theale, married Catherine Eliza Holmden, third daughter of the late George Holmden of Theale. At the time, Arthur was resident in Presteign, Radnorshire.

In the annual licensing round at the Petty Sessions 2nd Sept. 1875 Arthur Phillips and John Coles, both grocers, were each granted a license for off-sales of spirits. He doesn't acquire the Lion until 1879.

In the Western Daily Press - Friday 06 November 1891, it is reported that at auction the previous day, Arthur Phillips bought the Full Moon Hotel, North Street, Bristol, a famous coaching inn formerly in the possession of Mr. C. H. Quilter, and before that Mr. Wintle. Arthur paid £2,400 privately to Mr. Quilter for the hotel after it failed to reach a satisfactory sum at auction. On Thursday 4th February 1892, at the Chippenham Petty Sessions, the license for the White Lion was transferred from Arthur Phillips to Frederick Butcher.

1 & 2 Gallon Stone Jar Lion1.jpg

Fulham Potteries. Patent pewter tap. (Photographed at Yelde Hall, Chippenham)

1 Gallon Stone Jar Lion2.jpg

Fulham Potteries. Patent pewter tap.

1/2 Gallon Stone Jar Lion3.jpgLion3a.jpg
Impressed: ARTHUR PHILLIPS / White Lion Hotel / CHIPPENHAM .
Nos.: 176 & 187.

Potter: Price Bristol.
Image left courtesy D. Sutton, right courtesy R. Tucker.
The right had one is ex-my old collection.

1/2 Pint Cider Bottle Lion4.jpg

Brown Glass Crown Cap .

1 & 2 Gallon Stone Jars Butcher1.jpgButcher2.jpgButcher3.jpgButcher4.jpg
Nos. 420, 341, & 405.

Potter: Powell Bristol.

Frederick Butcher was born in Bath in 1859, bapt. 2nd Nov. at Bath Holy Trinity, son of Thomas Butcher (1821-1861) and Elizabeth Brewer (1827-1903), he married Alice Maud Rickwood, daughter of Henry Rickwood, Chemist & Druggist, in Bath in 1888. In 1891 Alice was living with her widowed mother, a lodging house keeper in Walcot, Bath and Frederick was a Wine Merchant at the same address, 18 River Street. They had 3 sons: Frederick Claud (b. 27th Jun. 1889-d. 1916); Phillip Noel (b. 26th Dec. 1890) and Harold George (b.1893-bapt. 16th Jan. 1894 in Yatton Yeynell, Chippenham). Alice, Fred's wife, died in Bath in 1898 aged 33. Son Frederick Claud emigrated to South Africa and worked at the Standard Bank, Pretoria, he died on active service with the 3rd Battalion South African Infantry in Delville Wood, France, 20th July 1916. Phil went to Christ's Hospital School in Hertford and became an engine fitter in Stapleton, Bristol. Harry became a signal engineer in the signal foundry at Westinghouse, Chippenham. Fred senior, whilst resident at Courtleet Farm, Bathampton, died at St. Batholomew's Hospital, London on 1st Dec. 1914.

"FUNERAL OF MR. FREDERICK BUTCHER - The funeral of Mr. Frederick Butcher, third son of the late Thomas Butcher, who died in London, following an operation, on Tuesday, took place at on Friday at the (Bath) Abbey Cemetary the interment being made in the family grave. The remains were brought from London by rail, arriving at the Great Western Railway Station, Bath, at 2.13. The mourners were: Mr. Phillip Butcher (son), Mr. Harold Butcher (son), Mr. George F. Butcher, Mr. P. J. Gane (executor), Mr. H. M. Knight, Mr. E. Pallisser, Mr. Fred D. Pullen (Bristol), Mr. G. Hart and Mr. H. Hamlen (representing the Lion Brewery, Chippenham). Mr. E. J. Richards and Mr. G. H. Young, of Bathampton, were also present at the Cemetary. Mr. A. H. Brewer was unavoidably prevented from attending. The officiating clergyman was the Rev. W. S. Coad, curate of Bath Abbey. The senders of flowers were as follows: - In loving memory of our dear father, Claud, Phil and Harold; In loving memory of dear Fred from Jack and Bess; Freda and Ernest; Sydney and Nellie; To my old friend Mr. & Mrs. P. J. Gane; With deep sympathy S. Pym Jackson; In affectionate remembrance from George and Ada; With deepest sympathy from W. H. Harris (Chippenham); A token of deepest respect and sympathy from Mrs. Smith; the Lion Brewery Co., Chippenham; from Aunt Harriett in affectionate remembrance; In loving remembrance, Henry and Bessie; With sincere sympathy from Mr. E. J. Pallisser; and with sincere sympathy from the employees of the Lion Brewery, Chippenham.
The funeral arrangements were carried out by Messrs. Fortt, Hatt and Billings, of Burton Street, Mr. Douglas R. Hatt personally superintending." (Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette - Saturday 05 December 1914).

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