W. White

Spirit Merchants

    William White was born in Devizes in 1811, son of William White, druggist. 

    From the Devizes and Wiltshire Gazette - Thursday 5th July 1838 p.3.: MARRIED - July 2nd, at Hungerford, William White, of Corsham, to Ann Gould, of Pound Pill, daughter of Wm. Gould, currier.

    Curiously this marriage does not appear in the registry. Instead there appears another marriage on 30th May 1839 at the parish church of Tewkesbury, Gloucs. The names all fit perfectly, as do occupations, so this may be a solemnization of the previous, perhaps "unofficial" marriage. William Gould/Goold, Ann's father, was actually a Tanner in Pound Pill, retired by 1851. In 1841 the Whites were living next door in Pound Pill. On the marriage record William White's occupation is "Baker" but by 1841, William has become a cheese factor. In 1848 William is running the "Great Western Railway Station Hotel" in Corsham, he is still there in 1851 and also still trading as a cheese factor. In 1855 William is still in Corsham, but James Usher has taken over the hotel. William and Ann had children William (b.1840 in Devizes), Henry George (b.1843 in Devizes) and Emma (b.1847 in Corsham).

    William was appointed overseer for the poor for Whitley in 1863.   

    From the Wiltshire Independent - Thursday 15 August 1867 p.2.; William White's farm is up for sale: "DAIRY FARM, Consisting of upwards of 47 acres of pasture and orchard lands, lying in a ring fence, adjoining the Turnpike Roads leading from Melksham to Bath and Corsham, with a most suitable and conveniently arranged Farm Residence, 14 quarter Malthouse, capital Barn, Stables, Cow Sheds, Coach House, Waggon Sheds, Gardens and Outbuildings pleasantly situated at Whitley near the town of Melksham, in the occupation of Mr. William White, Cheese Factor, & c., at a net annual rental of 150...."

    From the Devizes and Wiltshire Gazette - Thursday 21 April 1870 p.4.: "At the Melksham County Court, on Wednesday last, before Mr. Snowdon (sitting for the Judge) the case of William White v. John Hunt, was tried.The plaintiff is a cheese-factor living at Whitley; the defendant a brewer of Holt, and the action arose under the following circumstances: - The plaintiff held a bill of sale on the effects of Henry Bolton, of the New Crown Inn, which bill he put in force in February last. Bolton, in order to have an equal distribution of his effects amongst all his creditors, executed a deed of assignment to the defendant, a creditor. The effects were advertised for sale by Mr. Hinder, under the bill of sale, and by Mr. Combes under the deed of assignment, on the 2nd of March. It having been ascertained that the bill of sale was not registered, notice was given to Mr. White and his agents that they were not to interfere with Bolton's furniture, or to proceed to sell. This, however, was disregarded, and the sale proceeded. The claim was 17  10s., for a half-year's rent due at Lady day next. Bolton's term would not expire till the 25th of March, 1871, so the object of the action was to find out who was responsible for the accruing rent up to that time, as Bolton was deprived of everything. -Plaintiff said-
    I am a cheese-factor of Whitley, near Melksham, and the owner of the New Crown Inn, Melksham. Mr. Bolton has been my tenant for 9 years, at 35 per year, the rent being paid half-yearly. The last rent was paid at Michaelmas last, and another half-year became due on the 25th March. I have been in possession under a bill of sale since the 17th of Feb. My deputy, Mr. Hinder, remained in possession of the goods under the bill of sale, until they were sold on the 2nd of March. I received a notice, dated the 28th Feb. The notice was "to William White, James Rawlings, solicitor, Samuel Hinder, auctioneer, and Thomas Butler, bailiff, that a deed of assignment for the benefit of creditors had been executed by Hunt (in re Henry Bolton, to John Hunt) and they were warned not in any way to intermeddle or interfere with the personal estate and effects of the said Henry Bolton, which was assigned to the said John Hunt, as trustee under the deed of assignment, or to sell the same by auction, or in any manner to dispose thereof, or to remain in possession thereof, or to enter upon or trespass or remain upon the said premises called the New Crown Inn;" and that in the event of doing so after this notice legal proceedings would be taken. Notice was further given that "the bill of sale under which they pretended to act, had not been registered, and was therefore null and void," under 18 and 19 Vic., c.36. On the 26th february, plaintiff sent a letter to Mr. John Hunt, to the effect that he considered him responsible to plaintiff for all the accruing rent for the New Crown Inn, or legal proceedings would be taken, his object in writing being to ascertain whether he would surrender the property. - In reply it was said that the facts were altogether against any taking possession on the part of the defendant, as Mr. Combes simply put a man in possession to look after a few hops and a little beer. - The questions submitted to the judge were - 1st, Do you consider the lease passed? And secondly - If you do, did they elect to take it? The judge reserved his decision till next court.
    William White v. Henry Bolton. - vlaim 50, part of an original sum of 112, owing to plaintiff under the bill of sale, but he abandoned 62 in order to recover in this court. Debt admitted; to be paid 2 a month." At the County Court in June 1870, a counter action by Hunt v. Butler resulted in White's bill of sale being declared void, Hunt awarded trustee of the estate, and the resulting potential actions against White and his associates for trespass and for breaking into the New Crown and seizing the goods valued at over 200.

    William's eldest son, William, died of consumption at Whitley on 20th Nov. 1872. He was shortly followed by his father.

    From the Wiltshire Independent - Thursday 14 May 1874 p.3.: "We learn with regret that one of our largest cheese buyers, Mr. William White, of Whitley, died on Monday evening (11th) from a disease of the lungs. For many years past he had regularly attended the monthly markets in the neighbouring towns, and his prompt, businesss-like habits had gained the respect of all who knew him." Probate to Henry George White, son and cheese factor.

2 & 6 Gallon Stone Jars White1.jpg White2.jpgWhite3.jpgWhite4.jpg
2 Gal. Impressed: 2 / W. WHITE / Spirit Merchant / Whitley / Nr. MELKSHAM. (Examples with Melksham and White in both upper and lower case.)
Potter: C. & J. R. Price, Manufacturers, Bristol.

6 Gal. Impressed: 6 / W. White / Spirit Merchant / Whitley / Near Melksham.
Potter: C. & J. R. Price, Manufacturers, Bristol.

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