Francis Holland & Co.

Aerated Water Manufacturer & Fishmonger


    Francis Holland was born in Upton, Long Sutton, Somerset early in 1856 to parents James Holland (1831-1903) and Mary Squire (1829-?), he was baptised at Long Sutton on 14th May 1856. In 1879 he got married in Bristol to Ella Cox and by 1879 he had established his fishmongers and poultry business in Chippenham High Street and their first child Herbert John had been born.

    Not long after Francis had opened his business, on Weds. 23rd July 1879, he had summoned his neighbour, Albert Townsend, who was also a greengrocer, for using language likely to cause a breach of the peace by insulting Holland's vegetables (he had added greengrocery to his fishmonger business within the past couple of weeks which had obviously deeply upset his neighbour, especially as he could get a better price for his peas). The defendant was bound over for 5 to keep the peace for one month.   

    In April 1886 Holland began taking out advertisements in the local papers threatening anyone against using his bottles. Unfortunately a few years later Francis himself fell victim to the Mercantile Mark Act (see below).

Caution Advertisement 1886

    At the Chippenham Petty Sessions of Thursday 7th Oct 1886, the license of the Three Cups in the Shambles was transferred to Francis Holland from Richard Fry after 56 years occupancy. The Three Cups became the Shambles Hotel. It was announced in the Devizes and Wiltshire Gazette - Thursday 04 November 1886 that the "Three Cups" public house, situated in the Shambles, and occupied for the last 56 years by Mr. Richard Fry, has now changed hands, and the name of the sign is also changed. Henceforth it will be known as the "Shambles Hotel," a name given it by its new proprietor, Mr. F. Holland. This meant that Holland came into possession of Fry's ginger beer manufactory not long after officially taking over Marks' Aerated water business which he did on Lady Day (25th March) 1884. The aerated water premises were actually sold with Holland as tenant on 11th Oct. 1889. Holland held the lease for 21 years until 1905. Francis did not actually keep the Shambles Hotel for long, as it's license was again transferred (Devizes and Wiltshire Gazette - Thursday 09 June 1887) to Joseph Davis of Badminton, a G. Vincent appeared in the directories as Manager. In 1889 the premises were sold to a Mr. Mead of Westbury with Davis as tenant in June 1889 for 1,550. A large part of the Shambles were pulled down around July 1890 by a Mr. Smith but a group of locals including Edgar Neale campaigned to preserve the part built on stone columns which today has been restored, although not in its original position.

Hollands1889
   
    On Weds. 24 July 1889 an action was taken by Holland against John Merritt of the Unicorn Inn and Bewery, Devizes to recover 5, 17s for goods supplied. Merritt carried on his business in Chippenham, a settlement was reached out of court. Merritt became a bankrupt on 21st Jan. 1890.
   
    At the Corsham Petty Sessions of Thursday 20th August 1891 Francis Holland was prosecuted before a full bench of magistrates by Brooke & Prudencio of Bristol in an important case under the Mercantile Mark act for supplying bottles of mineral waters with the latter's name on, surmounted by his own label, to Mrs. Frances Matilda Harcombe of the Great Western Hotel, Chippenham. After pleading guilty with mitigating circumstances and an intention not to defraud, he was fined a token 5s with 4, 4s costs, which both sides felt acceptable.

    Francis died on 3rd July 1934, at New Road, Chippenham. Ella died 25th Apr. 1944.


H. E. Corner Factory

Holland3 Holland4

Holland1 Holland2



6 & 10 oz Bulb Neck Codd Bottles Holland1.jpgHolland1a.jpgHolland1b.jpgHolland29.jpg
Front: THIS BOTTLE IS THE / PROPERTY OF / F. HOLLAND / CHIPPENHAM / AND BUYING / OR SELLING / THE SAME IS ILLEGAL

Rear: THE / CODD BOTTLE (near shoulder)
Glassworks: MAKERS / SYKES MACVAY & Co. / CASTLEFORD. Height 18.5cm (7.3") & 24.7cm (9.75"). Image right courtesy Tony Hughes.


6 & 10 oz Codd Bottles Holland2.jpgHolland2b.jpgHolland2c.jpg
Front: THIS BOTTLE / IS THE / PROPERTY OF / F. HOLLAND / CHIPPENHAM.

Rear: THE / NIAGARA / BOTTLE / ALFRED ALEXANDER / MAKERS / LONDON,

Height 18.3cm (7.2") and 21.5cm (8.5").


6oz Bullet Stopper Holland3.jpg
FRANCIS HOLLAND / CHIPPENHAM in circle; AERATED / WATERS with intertwined F & H in centre.



Bratby & Hinchliffe Makers Manchester, Height 17.8cm (7").


6 & 10oz Bullet Stoppered Bottles Holland4.jpg
FRANCIS HOLLANDS / CHIPPENHAM in circle.

AERATED / WATERS in centre.

Powell & Ricketts Makers Bristol around base,

Height 18.3cm (7.2") & 22.2cm (8.75)"


10 oz Codd Bottle Holland5.jpg
Front: THIS BOTTLE / IS THE / PROPERTY OF / F. HOLLAND / CHIPPENHAM.

Powell & Ricketts Makers Bristol, Height 22.2cm (8.75").

Unusual flat base.


6oz Codd Bottle Holland22.jpgHolland23.jpg
Front: THIS BOTTLE / IS THE / PROPERTY OF / F. HOLLAND / CHIPPENHAM.

Powell & Ricketts Makers Bristol, Height 19cm (7.5").

Unusual flat base.


6 oz Codd Bottle Holland6.jpg
Front: HOLLAND / CHIPPENHAM

Large FH on base, no Makers name, Height 18.5cm (7.3").


6 oz Codd's Bottles Holland7.jpgHolland7b.jpg
Front: HOLLAND & CO / CHIPPENHAM (in circle.) THIS BOTTLE / IS THE / PROPERTY OF (in centre.)
J. W. Dobson Makers Barnsley, (around base, right);
Wm. Barnard & Sons (reverse, left)

Height 19cm (7.5").

10 oz Codd's Bottles Holland7c.jpgHolland7d.jpg
Front: HOLLAND & CO / CHIPPENHAM (in circle.) THIS BOTTLE / IS THE / PROPERTY OF (in centre.)
J. W. Dobson Makers Barnsley, (around base, left)
Wm. Barnard & Sons, London (reverse, right)
Height 22.9cm (9").

Half Pint Beer Bottles Holland8.jpg
Internal Screw Stoppers. Dark Green.
  1. HOLLANDS / CHIPPENHAM in circle, PROPERTY in centre, FH on base. 20.3cm (8") high
  2. HOLLAND / CHIPPENHAM in circle, & Cos / PROPERTY in centre. Makers P & R. B. 20.3cm (8") high.

Half Pint Beer Bottle Holland9.jpg
Front: HOLLAND & CO / CHIPPENHAM in circle.

THIS BOTTLE / IS THE / PROPERTY OF in centre.

Internal Screw Stopper.- J. W. Dobson Makers Barnsley, Height 21.1cm (8.3").


Stone Ginger Beer Bottle Holland10.jpg
Honey Glaze.

Printed: THIS BOTTLE BELONGS / TO / HOLLAND & CO. / CHIPPENHAM / HOME / BREWED / GINGER BEER.

Cork Stopper. Potter: Priest Canton Cardiff, Height 17.1cm (6.75").


Stone Ginger Beer Bottle Holland11.jpg
Honey Glaze.

Printed: THIS BOTTLE BELONGS / TO / HOLLAND & CO. / CHIPPENHAM / HOME BREWED / GINGER BEER.

Cork Stopper. Potter: Priest Canton Cardiff, Height 17.1cm (6.75").


Stone Ginger Beer Bottle Holland12.jpg
Honey Glaze.

Printed: THIS BOTTLE BELONGS / TO / HOLLAND & CO. / CHIPPENHAM / HOME / BREWED / GINGER BEER.

Internal Screw Stopper. Potter: Priest Canton Cardiff, Height 17.1cm (6.75").


Stone Ginger Beer Bottle Holland13.jpg
Honey Glaze.

Printed: THIS BOTTLE BELONGS / TO / HOLLAND & CO. / CHIPPENHAM / HOME BREWED / GINGER BEER.

Cork Stopper. Potter: Price 0 Bristol, Height 17.1cm (6.75").


Stone Ginger Beer Bottle Holland14.jpg
Honey Glaze.

Printed: THIS BOTTLE BELONGS / TO / HOLLAND & CO. / CHIPPENHAM / HOME BREWED / GINGER BEER.

Cork Stopper. Potter: Price 9 Bristol, Height 17.1cm (6.75").


Stone Ginger Beer Bottle Holland15.jpg
Honey Glaze.

Printed: THIS BOTTLE BELONGS / TO / F. HOLLAND / CHIPPENHAM / HOME BREWED / GINGER BEER.

Cork Stopper. Potter: Price 13 Bristol, Height Height 17.1cm (6.75").


6oz & 10oz Bulb Neck Codd Bottles Holland24.jpgHolland25.jpgHolland26.jpg
Front: THIS BOTTLE IS THE / PROPERTY OF / F. HOLLAND / CHIPPENHAM / AND BUYING / OR SELLING / THE SAME IS ILLEGAL

Rear: DAN RYLANDS / MAKERS / BARNSLEY. Height 18.5cm (7.3"), & ?.

Photo right courtesy Tony Hughes.


10 oz 4-way Chapmans Patent Bottle Holland17.jpgHolland27.jpgHolland27a.jpg
Front: FRANCIS HOLLAND / CHIPPENHAM

Rear: CHAPMAN & SON / PATENT / BALL / STOPPER / BIRKENHEAD, Large FH on base,


Height 22.4cm (8.8"). No glassmaker mark.


6 & 10 oz Patent Safe Groove Codd Bottles Holland18.jpg
Front: THIS BOTTLE IS THE / PROPERTY OF / F. HOLLAND / CHIPPENHAM.

Rear: PATENT SAFE GROOVE / 4 / SOLE MAKERS / DAN RYLANDS LD / BARNSLEY.

Height: 18.5cm (7.3") & 22.9cm (9").


6 & 10 oz Reliance Patent Codd Bottles Holland19.jpgHolland19a.jpg
Front: THIS BOTTLE IS THE / PROPERTY OF / F. HOLLAND / CHIPPENHAM.

Rear: RELIANCE PATENT / (4 on large only)/ SOLE MAKERS / DAN RYLANDS (LD on large only) / BARNSLEY.

"TRADE MARK" around neck grooves. Height: 19.7cm (7.75") & 22.2cm (8.75").


6oz Reliance Patent Codd Bottle Holland20.jpg
Front: F. HOLLAND / CHIPPENHAM.

Rear: RELIANCE PATENT / SOLE MAKER / DAN RYLANDS / BARNSLEY.

"TRADE MARK" around neck grooves. Height: 19.7cm (7.75").


1 Gallon Stone Jar Holland21.jpgHolland30.jpgHolland31.jpg
Printed: HOLLAND & Co. / CHIPPENHAM
Nos: 242 & 234

Potter: Priest Canton Cardiff.



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